A Comparative Study of Perfectionism and Behavioral-personality type A, in Mental Hospitals with tic Disorder and Normal Ones

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Clinical Psychology, Shahroud University, Shahroud, Iran

2 Faculty of Clinical Psychology, Neishabour Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neishabour, Iran

3 Faculty of Clinical Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Objective and Background: The present study aims to compare perfectionism and behavioral-personality type A in mental hospital cases with tic disorder and healthy adolescents. Recognizing the psychosocial-social and behavioral-personality characteristics of referrals to a psychiatric hospital can help to plan for their future.
Method: This study is descriptive and causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consists of all referrals to a psychiatric hospital with tic disorder who had referred to Ibn Sina Medical Sciences Hospital of Mashhad from the fall 2018 to January 2019, and healthy adolescents not having this disorder in Mashhad. From among this population, 60 adolescent boys (30 with the disorder and 30 healthy individuals) who were selected by available random sampling as the sample filled the Hill’s et al. Black Perfectionism Questionnaire and Nigerian’s et al. Behavioral-Personality Type Questionnaire. Multivariate variance analysis test (MANOVA) was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between referrals to a psychiatric hospital with tic disorder and healthy cases in perfectionism (components of positive perfectionism: order and organization, purposefulness, striving to be perfect, high standards for others, and components of negative perfectionism: need for approval, focus on mistakes, perception of pressure from parents, and thought rumination) and behavioral-personality type A.
Conclusion: As it was concluded from referrals to a psychiatric hospital perfectionism and behavioral-personality type A, are closely related to the occurrence and persistence of tic disorder. Therefore, it can be said that the use of psychological interventions to control the above variables seems necessary.
Keywords: perfectionism; behavioral-personality type A; tic disorder; psychiatric hospital