The Effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy with Internalized Shame and Self-Criticism on Women with Alopecia Areata disease in Bandar-Abbas Hospitals

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Science and Director of the Department of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Faculty of Human Sciences, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.


Background and Objective: Aim of this study was the evaluation of effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on internalized shame and self-criticism of Women with Alopecia Areata disease.
Method: This quasi-experimental study was a pretest-post test with control group, and 45 days follow up. The population were women referred to Dermatology hospital of Payambar Azam Medical and Research Complex of Bandar-Abbas in 2019. After receiving the clinical and diagnostic interview, 40 women with Alopecia Areata disease, were selected randomly and were assigned randomly in two experimental and control groups.
Results: Before starting treatment both groups responded to scales of internalized shame and self-criticism and then the experimental group received compassion-focused therapy in 8 sessions for 90 minutes and control group did not receive any treatment at this time. By post-test and follow-up treatment both groups were evaluated. Mixed analysis of variance showed that group training compassion treatment focused on internalized shame has been effective on experimental group in post-test and follow-up. This training also significantly reduced internal self-criticism and comparative self -critical of experimental group.
Conclusion: Based on the results, compassion-focused therapy can be used as a new intervention method for reducing internalized shame and self-criticism in women with Alopecia Areata disease.