Document Type : Research Paper
Faculty of Science and Director of the Department of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Faculty of Human Sciences, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Background and Objective: Aim of this study was the evaluation of effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on internalized shame and self-criticism of Women with Alopecia Areata disease.
Method: This quasi-experimental study was a pretest-post test with control group, and 45 days follow up. The population were women referred to Dermatology hospital of Payambar Azam Medical and Research Complex of Bandar-Abbas in 2019. After receiving the clinical and diagnostic interview, 40 women with Alopecia Areata disease, were selected randomly and were assigned randomly in two experimental and control groups.
Results: Before starting treatment both groups responded to scales of internalized shame and self-criticism and then the experimental group received compassion-focused therapy in 8 sessions for 90 minutes and control group did not receive any treatment at this time. By post-test and follow-up treatment both groups were evaluated. Mixed analysis of variance showed that group training compassion treatment focused on internalized shame has been effective on experimental group in post-test and follow-up. This training also significantly reduced internal self-criticism and comparative self -critical of experimental group.
Conclusion: Based on the results, compassion-focused therapy can be used as a new intervention method for reducing internalized shame and self-criticism in women with Alopecia Areata disease.