Developing a causal model of psychological well-being based on the psychological capital through the mediating role of mindfulness inTehran Hospitals

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of psychology, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Institute for Research & Development in the Humanities, SAMT, Tehran, Iran

3 Firoozkooh Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, Imam Hossein(a.s.)Comprehensive University, Tehran, Iran.


Background and Objective: it is essential to improve the quality of life and psychological wellbeing of employees working in Organization, which is the most important training system. If the predicting variables of psychological wellbeing of employees are considered and evaluated, their individual, social and organizational performance will be improved. This study aims to design the causal model of psychological capital-based psychological wellbeing with mediation of mindfulness in employees working in Hospital education organization.
Method: Descriptive mythology with descriptive-correlational type and Structural Equation Modeling was used. Statistical population comprised all of employees of education and training system in Tehran during 2018-2019 (N=58727). To determine sample size, the principles of multivariate regression analysis in SEM were used (n=610). Wellbeing Questionnaire, Capital Scale, and Mindfulness Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the situation of staffs.
Results: The obtained results showed that the research model fit indicators were reliable and the proposed model had an optimal fit. The variable of psychological capital had both direct and indirect impact on the psychological wellbeing by mediation of mindfulness. The psychological capital could predict the psychological wellbeing of staffs positively.
Conclusion: The research results emphasized on the vital role of psychological capital and mindfulness in predicting the psychological wellbeing. It is suggested that organizations can perceive the factors affecting psychological wellbeing of staffs and provide a suitable workplace regarding organizational objective by considering the abovementioned variables. Psychological wellbeing of employees working in Hospital education organization will be improved psychological capital and mindfulness is improved.