Investigating the Effect of Psychological and Motivational Factors on Organizational Policies in Reducing Administrative Corruption in Hospitals

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. student, Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

3 4- Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran


Background and Objectives: Administrative corruption is an illegitimate tool in meeting the illegitimate demands of the administrative system and occurs in sectors such as hospitals, police and customs, and medical sciences departments. Corruption has many negative effects and consequences, such as destruction of economic and social structures, psychological pressures, and blocking development path of country. Hence, the present was an attempt to investigate the effect of psychological and motivational factors on organizational policies in reducing administrative corruption in the workplace of medical sciences staff.
Methods: The paper is applied in terms of aim and descriptive-correlational in terms of nature and survey in terms of method. The statistical population of the study included 1) 30 experts and professors in the field of public administration, who were purposefully selected. 2) 365 staff of medical sciences organizations in Kerman selected based on Cochran's formula by stratified sampling method. To collect information by Delphi method (in several stages and using face-to-face interviews), experts were asked to carefully examine the psychological and motivational factors and items obtained from literature review. Organizational structure questionnaire with components of complexity, focus, formality and 23 questions, organizational policy questionnaire with components of flexibility, attraction of resources and planning, access to information, stability, coherent and skilled workforce and 20 questions, administrative corruption questionnaire with components of inappropriate job behaviors, abuse, unknown activities, discrimination and negligence and 30 questions were developed.
Results: Cronbach's alpha coefficient of variables was estimated to be higher than 0.7, which indicates the internal consistency of items and confirmation of reliability. To analyze the data, structural equation modeling in LISREL software was used. Results showed that the significant number between the variables of focus and organizational policies (2.07) was greater than 1.96 and the significant number between organizational policies and administrative corruption (-2.90) was less than -1.96, so there is an indirect relationship between focus and administrative corruption through organizational policies. A correlation coefficient of less than 0.3 indicates that the effect of organizational policies on the relationship between focus and administrative corruption in the medical is moderate.
Conclusion: The present study was an attempt to identify the model of the relationship between organizational structure and administrative corruption, considering the mediating role of organizational policies in medical science organizations in Kerman hospitals. It was concluded that proper planning to improve the leadership and assertive leadership styles among managers improve the efficacy of staff in medical institutes.