Theory of planned behavior (TPB) in hemodialysis patients admitted in hospitals

Document Type : Research Paper


Isfahan Kidney Diseases Research Center, Khorshid Hospital,school of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran



Background and Objective: Chronic kidney disease is a progressive and irreversible disorder in which the kidneys are unable to excrete metabolic wastes and uremia occurs . Chronic kidney disease is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the world . Method: which, in addition to physical health, also threatens other dimensions of health . Despite the widespread use of hemodialysis, this method has many problems and complications. Various approaches have been proposed to improve the quality of life of hemodialysis patients admitted in hospitals , the most important of which is the use of health-promoting behaviors and lifestyle modification. Several studies have highlighted the need of developing and executing appropriate training programs to improve hemodialysis patients' lifestyles and consequently their quality of life. An educational program that is designed based on a planned behavior pattern, can be applied as an effective method to improve all aspects of lifestyle in hemodialysis patients.
Results: The findings of these studies show that researchers have employed a variety of behavioral interventions to enhance the lifestyle of hemodialysis patients, demonstrating the impact of educational behavioral patterns on improving patients' lifestyle and quality of life.
Conclusion: In hemodialysis patients, an educational program based on a Theory of planned behavior can be used as an effective technique to enhance all aspects of their lives.