Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran
Background and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on adherence to treatment and general health of HIV positive patients.
Method: In a quasi-experimental design, 30 HIV positive patients referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital for treatment were randomly selected, and then, they were randomly assigned into two groups of the experiment (n = 15) and control (n = 15). Pre-test was performed for both groups before intervention. The experimental group received 12 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy, 1 session per week, but the control group received no intervention. Then, both groups completed post-test and finally, both groups completed the research questionnaires after 3 months (3 months follow-up). Data were collected using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 28) and Modanlou Adherence to Treatment Questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by covariance analysis.
Results: The results showed a significant difference between experimental and control groups in terms of adherence to treatment and general health in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up stages (P <0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that cognitive-behavioral therapy can improve adherence to treatment and general health in HIV positive patients.