Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Occupational Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Background and objective:The safety culture of the patient is one of the main components of the services, which means preventing any injuries and wounds to the patient while delivering health care. The studies show that safe behavior cannot be used only by setting the rules and regulations. Creating an effective culture of patient safety prevents many accidents and helps the organization to improve services. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the patient’s safety culture. The present study aimed to evaluate the current status of Patient safety culture in operating room staff of educational centers in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Methods: The present cross - sectional and analytical descriptive type study was performed in hospitals of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.136 employees of operation room were selected through stratified random sampling. The data collection tool was a two-part questionnaire including demographic information and the standard questionnaire including 42 questions of Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS).
Answers of the questions were designed on a 5-point Likert scale. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests using SPSS software version 16.
Results:The results of this study show that the highest mean scores between the two dimensions of overall perception of patient safety and non-punitive response in case of an error were 15.16 and 14.96 , respectively and the lowest mean score for teamwork between units and the staffing issues of employee were 8.32, and 8.82 respectively. The overall safety culture of the patient was not significantly related to gender, education, and marital status. However, a positive relationship was observed between the work history and the patient's general culture score.
Conclusion:By measuring the safety culture of health care organizations, we can identify the strengths and weaknesses of these organizations in terms of patient safety and plan for proper safety development in the hospital. Based on the results of the present study, providing sufficient personnel and job standards for personnel and allocating sufficient resources to improve the quality and care and improving team work between units by managers may help to promote the safety culture in health care centers.
Along with the main mission of hospitals which is providing the effective and safe services, concentration on patient safety culture should be as a priority in management plans to provide a basis for enhancing patient safety