Document Type: Research Paper
Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran
PhD Student of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Sari, Iran
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on adherence to treatment and general health of HIV positive patients. In a quasi-experimental design, 30 HIV positive patients referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital for treatment were randomly selected, and then, they were randomly assigned into two groups of the experiment (n = 15) and control (n = 15). Pre-test was performed for both groups before intervention. The experimental group received 12 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy, 1 session per week, but the control group did not receive any intervention. Then, both groups completed post-test and finally, both groups completed the research questionnaires after 3 months (3 months follow-up). Data were collected using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 28) and Modanlou Adherence to Treatment Questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by covariance analysis. The results showed a significant difference between experimental and control groups in terms of adherence to treatment and general health in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up stages (P <0.05). The results of this study suggest that cognitive-behavioral therapy can improve adherence to treatment and general health in HIV positive patients.